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Influential Factors During the Suez Crisis

October 10, 2009

egypt during suezEgyptian leader Nasser and the decisive actions that he orchestrated were most influential in shaping and changing the entire world during the 1950’s—and beyond.

 Egypt lost the “battle” of the Sinai in the terms of warfare but they won the “war” in a political way.   After the Suez crisis, everyone had a different view of the Egyptian leader Nasser and he became biggest influence in the entire Middle East, and ultimately the entire Arabic Nation—to the point of uniting the people in a way that they had never been, at the time and post the time of the Suez Crisis. Nasser could also be seen as the biggest contributor of this crisis because he was the one that closed the Suez Canal but it didn’t stop there. Nasser was determined to make a major influence in the Middle East and he wanted to do it all on his own. One of the major projects was the building of the Aswan High Dam. Originally, America agreed to help fund the dam but later took it back. Nasser also rejected America’s financing for the Aswan High Dam project because he feels that the Egyptians could complete the project themselves and would give them a chance to nationalize on their own. When it came to economic and military aid, America came to Egypt’s side again. The offer from the US was going to give Egypt a significant amount of money for supplies and funding that they needed but there were strings attached that would have limited Nasser’s ability to influence so the offer was rejected. On the contrary, Nasser decided to take military funding from the Soviet Union, which brought the Cold War from predominantly Europe to the Middle East, causing more conflict and globalization than necessary.  

The biggest movement that Nasser was in charge of was leading the Arab economic boycott and closed the Suez Canal and the Gulf of Aquaba to Israeli shipping and this halted Israel’s economic growth. There was a pattern with Nasser’s intentions and this is to put all of the other nations down that were not Arab countries. This was ultimately going to lead to his final goal of creating Arab unity in the Middle East. He was also interested in his own country and their wellbeing, so his goal for Egypt was to eliminate foreign control so they could become nationalized and independently run. It is very clear that Nasser was a very major influence throughout the whole world at this time.

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